TEF has three Trustees with a Board of Advisors who supervise the overall direction of work of the think tank. There is an Executive Director who is responsible for the everyday administration and management of the organization. There are research associates drawn from the best institutes of the country who work on projects or areas of research as advised by the Executive Director

Dr. Anil Kakodkar, a reputed nuclear scientist who has been awarded with the second-highest civilian award in India, the Padma Vibhushan, chairs the Board of Advisors. He was the chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India and the former Director of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre.